Updated the listing to include new mistakes in our list of worst business decisions
- Kodak Failed to Adapt Its Business Model for Digital Photography
- Motorola Not Taking Advantage with Newer Smartphones in the 2000s
- Virgin Australia collapses under administration after a denied bailout
- Berkshire Hathway selling Disney early costing $16 billion
- AOL and Time Warner Cable Merger
- Excite Rejection to buy Google
- Decca declining the Beatles
- Blockbuster rejection to Netflix
Lousy business decision making in history had resulted in the loss of leadership positions for many companies. As Jack Ma said, learn from other mistakes as it will always be the same. We will share why these decisions are so bad.
Kodak Failed to Adapt Its Business Model for Digital Photography
Kodak was the patent owner for a digital camera but failed to change its business model to the new technology.
Kodak maintained the “silver halide” strategy similar to Gillette’s or that of printer manufacturers of giving away razors or printers to make money on blades and ink cartridges. In Kodak's case, the money is on films.
In 2001, its film sales peaked worldwide but as the president of Fujifilm remembers: “a peak always conceals a treacherous valley.”
First, the market began shrinking very slowly, then picked up speed and finally plunged at the rate of twenty or thirty percent a year. In 2010, worldwide demand for the photographic film had fallen to less than a tenth of what it had been only ten years before.
In the end, Fujifilm and others caught up and capture the digital photography market share and winning
Motorola Working With Apple in 2004 And Not Innovating Razr
In 2004, Motorola was one of the biggest mobile phone manufacturers in the world with a market share of 22 percent thanks to its hugely popular Razr model launched in 2004. Razr sold 50 million in the first 2 years. At the end of 2004, Motorola's market cap was $42 billion.
The worst decision making came from
- Partnering Apple and Teaching Apple on Creating Their iPhone in 2007. Ed Zander, former COO of Sun Microsystem (now part of Oracle), joked that Motorola was slow-moving and struck a deal with his Silicon Valley friend Steve Jobs, the CEO of Apple. Together, they created a Motorola iTunes phone, the first phone connected to Apple’s music store. “We can’t think of a more natural partnership than this one with Apple,” Zander said at the time. In the end, Apple learned so much from Motorola and created the iPhone in January 2007.
- Not Agile and Did Not Innovate Low-Margin Razr. Unlike Apple, rather than provide great customer service with better products, Motorola failed to produce another cell phone, One analyst calculated that the company made, on average, only about $5 per Razr device.
It was until 2010 that they created a new phone. Their share value had fallen from $72 in February 2006 to only $12 three years later, an 83 percent drop. Rick Osterloh has been the president and COO of Motorola Mobility for 10 days and was the fourth man to run the place since the split from Motorola.
Apple with a 15% market share is worth $1.5 Trillion dollars as of August 2020.
Virgin Australia collapses under administration after denied bailout (added on 24 April 2020)
Airlines are known to be capital intensive investments with little returns for its shareholders. However, the eventual collapse of Virgin Australia after being denied bailout show how countries can choose to let them failed, unlike banks.
Mr Borghetti, CEO for nine years, transformed the airline from a budget alternative upon inception in 2000 to a serious rival for Australia's national carrier, Qantas. He made some hasty decision making that proved costly for Virgin in the long term.
- Focus on Competitor Qantas. Aviation expert Mr Hansford said Virgin needed to develop its own strategy instead of focusing on the competitor market and adding too many costs relative to the revenue gains. “To survive, one of their first moves should be to terminate all flights to the US and Hong Kong,” Mr. Hansford said. The Sydney to LA route, for instance, was already operated by five airlines.
- Lost on Its Branding. “Virgin Australia did a lot right, but the brand has lost a bit of its joy and spunkiness,” Adam Ferrier, consumer psychologist and founder of creative agency Thinkerbell. “I’d imagine the best way forwards is to maintain a price point just under Qantas, but build more personality and spunk back into the brand.”
The surprising news from the collapse is the unusual business owners of the company. The carrier had four foreign aviation groups - SIA, Etihad Airways, HNA Group, and Nanshan Group, each holding stakes of about 20% while Mr.Richard Branson's Virgin Group owns about 10%.
The ownership of your competitor sounds so odd and it is interesting to see how the companies try to write off the losses and the plans of the new business owner.
Berkshire Hathway selling Disney early costing $16 billion (added on 24 April 2020)
Although Mr. Buffett managed that he regretted not buying Amazon earlier, Disney was another stock that probably grew beyond his expectations. In 1966, Disney was only valued at $80 million and Berkshire took a 5% stake ($4 million) in it after a meeting.
Berkshire sold the share in 1967 for $6 million, making a 50% profit in just a year. However in 2020, even after the panic sell-off, Disney stock is worth over $180 billion, making it 225,000% over the initial $80 million in 54 years.
Nevertheless, when annualized, Mr. Buffett had the better deal. Holding Disney until 2020 only earn a 15.37% compounded annual growth compared to a 50% profit in a year. But a 15.37% compounded annual growth over 54 years is something everyone still wants.
AOL and Time Warner cable merger
in the year 2000 America online limited merged with the company of time Warner cable and as it was the biggest merger in the business history at that time being was also valued over at almost 400 billion US dollars as the companies are now worth less than 10% of what they were going to deal with it and that are also separated. In many business school lessons and daily courses in the academic section this is currently taught in the business schools as one of the worst deal in the history of business mergers and also apparently and accounting scandal existing surrounding the actual inflation of the America online limited advertising budget that started to begin the unraveling of the fact and along with it it was further decreased just because the companies did not get along at the end of the deal and also the largest reported loss of an investor is the amount of 8 billion dollars.
Excite Rejection to buy Google in less than one million USD
Back in 1999, the famous search engine at that current time was Excite, which was one of the highly well-known brands over the internet at that time and also was considered as the giant of this market had eventually turned down the opportunity to purchase the company of Google for only $750,000, later on, Google went on dominating the world of the internet market and now are currently valued at more than 800 billion US dollar while the previous company was bought out by another person for only 343 million in 2004. Google is now so much popular in modern times when people are talking about something to be searched on the internet instead of saying search, people now say Google it.
The company was considered one of the largest faces on the Internet, and
- Was Offered $1 million to purchase the company of Google,
- Later on, the price was dropped to $750,000 only.
Unable to see the strength of Google then, it led to poor decision making and rejecting the offer multiple times. Now, Google is the biggest search engine in the world.
Decca declining the Beatles
This famous recording company rejected back in 1964 by the famous band of today and also considered as one of the best and most popular bands of all time The Beatles. Beatles are currently the biggest selling band of all time and still yet to be defeated and also it has sold more than one 78 million records and still counting and while on the other hand at when the offer of the chance to sign them before the making of the big entry and the total big launch of their lifetime
Decca records turn the Beatles down as saying that a band with four-person at the front with the guitar is not just going to work out in the long run as there going to be nothing but a failure in the future.
Blockbuster rejection to Netflix
Back in the 80s blockbuster was, also and an unconsiderable competitor towards anything else, the biggest face on the market of multimedia movies for anyone. But Netflix was held onto that title since the late 90s when they first started to make their DVD by mail service towards the market and also one blockbuster was at the highest level their annual review was almost 6 billion dollars.
In 2000, Netflix was the biggest name in the movie rentals and also attempted to strike a deal with them that would have cost blockbuster only $50 million a price.
The Chief Executive Officer of Blockbuster was laughing at the offer. Blockbuster then filed for bankruptcy in 2010 and already finished closing the doors on the retail locations and also the copyright of DVD by mail service back in 2013 while at that same time Netflix was already valued over 30 billion US dollars.
Bad decision making can happen to everyone and anyone as it is a natural part of life and also they can cost the people behind the total procedure a lot of time or even their relationships along with the higher level of opportunities and also in the following cases a lot of money and also at the time of these decisions were made there was not a lot of ways to predict the consequences that are coming after them.
However, this is also the part of the responsibility that of being a business-minded person. These choices caused the company's load of money and also it resulted in job loss or even bankruptcy towards the company’s future as they are still feeling the aftershocks of these types of mistakes all these years later.
In the market of business legacies and also the giants of the business of international policies that we know as of today and of modern times, among those giants or also from those who are quite successful and even from those who could have been one of the largest faces is in the market of socio-economic companies have also their own set of bad decisions that changed their entire business policy and companies future in totally the opposite way that they could have gone.
Some manage to recover or to get another policy or walk in another and the new part that brought them success but in most scenario, it is likely to happen and has already happened that those company which would have one of the biggest hits in today’s market have gone missing just like another person in the crowd.